A Guide to Fishing Knots
A comprehensive guide on how to tie fishing knots. These are probably all the knots you will ever need!
The challenge of keeping a line connected to your hook and joining two lines together are as old as the sport of fishing. Any knot you tie will create a weakness in your line but the right knot correctly tied will maintain maximum strength. Here we explain some of the most useful and effective knots and their applications. Learning each technique takes a little practice but you will be glad you have taken the time to acquire the necessary skills.
The Grinner Knot
This knot is widely used by pleasure, match and specialist anglers across the globe and is useful for linking hooks and swivels to either the mainline, hooklength or braid. It is a very strong and highly reliable knot but take care to dampen well before you pull it tight.
Begin by threading the end of the line through the eye of the hook. Take hold of the tag end and wind it six times around the standing line. Take the remaining tag end and pass it under the twisted portion of the line close to the eye to create a loop. Then wrap the tag end around the twisted portion of the line six times working down towards the standing line and finish with the tag end lying parallel to the standing line. Dampen the knot and then pull the tag end to tighten it and then the standing line to push the knot towards the hook. Here's a video tutorial to help you out.
The Uni Knot
This is a more simple incarnation of the Grinner knot and as its name implies is a versatile knot suitable for many purposes including snelling, joining two lines and connecting hooks, swivels and lures with a loop.
Thread the line through the eye of the hook and pull through to leave a generous tag end. With one hand hold the tag and standing line together about 2 inches from the eye. With the other hand take the end of the tag and turn it back towards the eye to form a loop below the standing line. Pass the end of the tag over the line near the eye and down through the loop and then wrap it around the portion of the line that is between your other hand and the hook five times whilst moving away from the eye. You should then moisten the twisted area before pulling the tag end to tighten the knot and then the standing line to push the knot towrads the hook. Here is a short video to show you how it is done.
The Palomar Knot
The Palomar is used to attach hooks, flies, snaps or sinkers to fishing line and is a reliable knot which retains strength and is easy to learn. The Palomar is a good one to master as it can easily be tied in the dark.
Start by folding a portion of the line back on itself to double it. Hold the doubled portion close to the loop at the end and thread it through the eye pulling half of the doubled portion through. Fold the end back towards the standing line and tie an overhand knot around the doubled portion of the standing line. Take the loop protruding from the knot and pass it over the hook. Moisten the knot and then pull the standing line and tag end together to tighten. This one is harder to explain than to tie so here's a video that should make things clearer!
The Rapala Knot
A useful knot for forming a loop in your line and ideal for attaching a lure or fly that needs freer movement.
Begin by tying an overhand knot in the line but don't pull it tight. Take the tag end of the line and pass it through the eye and then pass it through the overhand knot pulling gently until you have formed a small loop between the overhand knot and the eye. Then wrap the tag end three times around the standing line below the overhand knot. Take the tag end once more and pass it back through the overhand knot forming another loop above the twisted section of the standing line. Pass the tag end back through this new loop and then pull both the tag end and standing line to tight the knot. Sound complicated? Here's a video to make the process clearer.
The Blood Knot
Useful for tying two lines together, this knot works best on similar lines i.e. those with the same diameter. The Blood knot is a great way to repair a broken line or to make use of odd lengths.
Take the two lengths of line and lay them together with the ends pointing in opposite directions, in other words overlap a portion of the lines. Hold the centre of the overlapped section and with the other hand wrap one of the tag ends five times around the other line. When you have done this pass the tag end in an upwards direction through the small loop at the end of the twisted portion where you are holding the lines together. At this point let go of the tag end and pull the standing line below the twisted portion to tighten the knot a little. Now swap hands and hold the centre of the overlap and the tag end you have just worked with in the other hand. Then take the other tag end and wrap it five times around the line. Pass this tag in a downwards direction through the loop at the end of the twisted portion close to your hand. Now take both sections of standing line and pull to gradually tighten the knot. It sounds complicated but it is easy to master so here's another video to show you how.
The Surgeon's Knot
Like the Blood Knot this one is useful for tying two pieces of line together as when out boating but this time lines of different diameters. It is a fisherman's essential and easy to learn!
As with the Blood Knot, place the two lines together with the ends pointing in opposite directions. Make a loop in the overlapped section and then pass the tag end of the leader line together with the other standing line through the loop three times. Then moisten the twisted portion and take hold of both tag ends and standing lines and pull the four pieces simultaneously to tighten the knot. You can then drop the tags and pull again on the standing lines to complete the knot. Easy! But here's a quick video to help you.
You can't buy a great knot you have to tie them yourself! At Gerry's Fishing we are sure that these useful knots will prove helpful and when you have mastered these do pay us another visit to learn how to tie some more!